Glossary

ACE-V (Analysis, Comparison, Evaluation and Verification) is a scientific method for the examination and documentation of latent fingerprints. Read more

The automated fingerprint identification system (AFIS) is a system for storing and processing digital fingerprints. Read more

The term biometrics refers to the science and technology for the measurement and analysis of biological data. Read more

The forensics deals with methods to combat criminals using preventive and repressive measures. Read more

Dactyloscopy describes the investigation of the ridges of the inner surfaces of the hand and foot which are unique. Learn more about dactyloscopy and the uniqueness of fingerprints here. Read more

The Daubert Standard was developed on base of the Frye Standard. It creates a guideline for the decision whether an evidence can be used in court. Read more

DFO can be applied to make fingerprints on porous surfaces visible. Read more

The genetic fingerprint implies our DNA profile which is as unique as a latent print. Read more

ENFSI is an international oragnisation for the development and the support of new methods in the forensic field. Read more

Forensics is using crime scene investigation to find relevant traces to use as material evidence of a crime. Read more

A fingerprint is one of the most frequently used biometric features. For many years it has proven its capability to uniquely identify and verify people. Read more

In criminal cases, physical contact between the perpetrators and the victims are quite frequent. Thus, the possibility of visualizing fingerprints on human skin would be a huge progress for criminal investigation. Read more

In modern days, forensics deals only with the study of scientific and technical activities to systematically identify criminal activities, analyze and reconstruct them. Read more

The Frye Standard is a rule in the USA whether an evidence will be admitted in court or not. Read more

Gel foils offer an option to make fingerprints visible on difficult shaped exhibits. Read more

Gentian Violet provides an opportunity to make latent fingerprints visible on the sticky side of tape. Read more

IAI

The International Association for Identification (short: IAI) is a group of people who are working in forensics - especially in the field of identfication. Read more

IFRG is a group of forensic researchers, who are active in the field of forensic latent print research and are constantly seeking for new methods for latent print identification. Read more

Latent fingerprints on paper play a very important role in solving criminal offences. Thus, forensic scientists constantly investigate new and better methods to make those latent fingerprints visible. Read more

Locard's exchange principle builds the base of forensics. The rule says any contact results in a trace. Read more

Luminol provides an opportunity to make blood stains visible which are invisible for the human eye. Read more

Objects of evidence are treated differently whether the surface is porous or non-porous. For details on the different methods, click here. Read more

- A call for significant changes in the forensic-science community -
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Next Generation Identification (NGI) is a new database records both palm prints and data of the iris of the eye for face recognition. Read more

NIST-Format is a data format for the exchange of biometric data, such as fingerprints, facial or other biometric information. Read more

Ninhydrin provides the option to visualize latent and old (years) fingerprints. Read more

The vacuum metal deposition is used for visualization of latent fingerprints on difficult surfaces. Read more